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Nick Estes, "Our History is the Future: Standing Rock versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the Long Tradition of Indigenous Resistance", Verso Press, 2019, pp. 14-15:

"How does one relate to the past? Settler narratives use a linear conception of time to distance themselves from the horrific crimes committed against Indigenous peoples and the land. This includes celebrating bogus origin stories like Thanksgiving. But Indigenous notions of time consider the present to be structured entirely by our past and by our ancestors. There is no separation between past and present, meaning that an alternative future is also determined by our understanding of our past. Our history is the future."




[I have no way of querying this, without becoming deeply versed in settler narratives and Indigenous narratives, with a youth and Time I'm not sure I have (certainly without support!). But the idea of a linear conception of time as a distancing mechanism is independent of the context, and independent of the Directionality of Time. Constricting the Directionality of Time into linear narratives by way of a linear approach to Time allows for cleansing of responsibility, forgetting, editing, constricting...forcing Directionality to conclude what I want it to conclude; forces Time to reach This Conclusion. Constricting Time into an extruded line. "The line we take", sort of thing. Compressing it into a hardened tool, blunt or honed.

[How to tease this out?

[I suppose one could do with "Settler" what has been done with "subaltern"]


p. 16: "anthropology - a discipline that has robbed us of a viable future by traping us. in a past that never existed."